Programmes or instructional systems that use ICT (Internet, radio sets, television sets, personal computers, audiovisual material or print material to a minimal degree) to deliver all or a significant portion of teaching to learners removed in space and time. Distance education can take a variety of forms, which include: • Internet-based distance learning either synchronously or asynchronously; • Telecourse or broadcast-based education, in which content is delivered via radio or television; • CD-ROM or DVD-based self-learning in which the learners interacts with computer content stored on a CD-ROM or DVD; • Mobile devices-based learning where the learner accesses course content stored on a mobile device or through a wireless server; and • Integrated distance learning, combining live versus recorded delivery modes, individualized interaction versus group instruction through various channels, and/or print materials to a minimal degree, etc. …but exclude: • Correspondence-based distance learning conducted exclusively through postal-mail.
Statistical units of ministries/departments/agency responsible for education at ISCED levels 4, 5 and 6 or, alternatively, the national statistical office.
UIS Guide to measuring information and communication technologies (ICT) in education.