Total R&D personnel per thousand labour force


All persons engaged directly in R&D, whether employed by the statistical unit or external contributors fully integrated into the statistical unit’s R&D activities, as well as those providing direct services for the R&D activities (such as R&D managers, administrators, technicians and clerical staff) during a given year expressed as a proportion of a labour force of 1,000 people.

Data source

R&D surveys.

Source definition

Adapted from OECD (2015), Frascati Manual 2015: Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development.

Calculation method

Number of R&D personnel during a given year divided by the total labour force and multiplied by 1,000.