Social sciences and humanities (for R&D data)


Social sciences and humanities include:
- Social sciences: psychology and cognitive sciences; economics and business; education; sociology; law; political science; social and economic geography; media and communications; other social sciences; and
- Humanities and the arts: history and archaeology; languages and literature; philosophy, ethics and religion; art (arts, history of arts, performing arts, music); and other humanities.

Data source

R&D surveys.

Source definition

OECD (2015), Frascati Manual 2015: Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development.


To break down R&D expenditure and personnel by fields of research and development.