Researchers per thousand employment


Number of professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge (who conduct research and improve or develop concepts, theories, models, techniques instrumentation, software or operational methods) during a given year year expressed as a proportion of 1,000 employed people.

Data source

R&D surveys.

Source definition

Adapted from OECD (2015), Frascati Manual 2015: Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development.

Calculation method

Number of researchers during a given year divided by the total employed people and multiplied by 1,000.