Medical and health sciences (for R&D data)


Medical and health sciences include: basic medicine; clinical medicine; health sciences; medical biotechnology; and other medical sciences.

Data source

R&D surveys.

Source definition

OECD (2015), Frascati Manual 2015: Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development.


To break down R&D expenditure and personnel by fields of research and development.