Total R&D personnel by formal qualification


All persons engaged directly in R&D, whether employed by the statistical unit or external contributors fully integrated into the statistical unit’s R&D activities, as well as those providing direct services for the R&D activities (such as R&D managers, administrators, technicians and clerical staff) broken down by their formal level of qualification (ISCED level 8, ISCED level 7, ISCED level 6, ISCED level 5, or all lower ISCED levels combined).

Data source

R&D surveys.

Source definition

Adapted from OECD (2015), Frascati Manual 2015: Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development.