GERD by source of funds


Total intramural expenditure on R&D performed during a specific reference period, financed by different sectors of the economy (business enterprise, government, higher education, private non-profit organizations) or from “the rest of the world”.

Data source

R&D surveys.

Source definition

Adapted from OECD (2015), Frascati Manual 2015: Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development.