GERD by sector of performance


Total intramural expenditure on R&D performed during a specific reference period, broken down by the institutions corresponding to each sector (business enterprise, government, higher education and private non-profit organizations), independent of the source of funds.

Data source

R&D surveys.

Source definition

Adapted from OECD (2015), Frascati Manual 2015: Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development.