Social sciences (for R&D data)


Social sciences include: psychology and cognitive sciences; economics and business; education; sociology; law; political science; social and economic geography; media and communications; and other social sciences.

Data source

R&D surveys.

Source definition

OECD (2015), Frascati Manual 2015: Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development.


To break down R&D expenditure and personnel by fields of research and development.