Researchers per thousand labour force


Number of professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge (who conduct research and improve or develop concepts, theories, models, techniques instrumentation, software or operational methods) during a given year expressed as a proportion of a labour force of 1,000 people.

Data source

R&D surveys.

Source definition

Adapted from OECD (2015), Frascati Manual 2015: Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development.

Calculation method

Number of researchers during a given year divided by the total labour force and multiplied by 1,000.