Multimedia applications, which allow video and digital simulations of laboratory activities in a real manner but without the risks and costs associated with laboratory experiments. Simulations of science laboratory experiments can use real data. Computer simulations are particularly helpful for learning science when: • experiments are too risky, expensive or time-consuming to be conducted in a school laboratory, such as those involving volatile gases; • experiments require precision so that learners can see patterns and trends or where learners may not be able to achieve the necessary precision without simulation tools; • experiments break the laws of nature, such as exploring kinematics collisions that violate conservation of momentum law; and • ethical issues are at stake, such as in the case of some biology experiments. For the purpose of this survey, count the number of educational institutions with repositories of home-grown experiment simulation applications; regular subscriptions (paid or free of charge); or purchased licenses to electronic virtual experiment laboratories.
Statistical unit of the Ministry of Education or, alternatively, national statistical office.
Adapted from ICT for Education: A Reference Handbook - Analytical Review.