Percentage of trained teachers


Percentage of teachers by level of education taught who have received at least the minimum organized pedagogical teacher training pre-service and in-service required for teaching at the relevant level in a given country.

Data source

Administrative data from schools and other organized learning centres.

Calculation method

Number of teachers in a given level of education who are trained is expressed as a percentage of all teachers in that level of education.

Data required

Number of teachers at each level of education who are trained and total number of teachers at each level.


A high value indicates that students are being taught by teachers who have appropriate and relevant pedagogical training.


It is important to note that national minimum organized pedagogical training requirements can vary from one country to the next. This variability between countries lessens the usefulness of global tracking because the indicator would only show the percent reaching national standards, not whether teachers in different countries have similar levels of pedagogical pre-service and in-service training. Further work would be required if a common standard for minimum pedagogical training is to be applied across countries.


Teachers play a key role in ensuring the quality of education provided. Ideally all teachers should receive adequate, appropriate and relevant pedagogical training to teach at the chosen level of education and be academically well-qualified in the subject(s) they are expected to teach. This indicator measures the share of the teaching work force which has appropriate and relevant pedagogical training.

Quality standards

The percentage of trained teachers should not exceed 100%. When feasible, the number of part-time teachers should be converted to ‘full-time equivalent’ numbers of teachers; a double-shift teacher should be counted twice, etc. Ideally, all staff involved in direct classroom-teaching roles should be included in the calculations.

Types of disaggregation

Sex, level of education and type of institution (public/private).