Net intake rate to Grade 1 of primary education

Definition

New entrants to Grade 1 of primary education who are of the official primary school entrance age, expressed as a percentage of the population of the same age.

Data source

School register, school survey or census for data on new entrants by age; population census or estimates for school entrance age population.

Calculation method

Divide the number of children of official primary school entrance age who enter Grade 1 of primary education for the first time by the population of the same age, and multiply the result by 100.

Data required

New entrants in Grade 1 of primary education by single years of age; population of official primary school entrance age.

Interpretation

A high NIR indicates a high degree of access to primary education for the official primary school entrance age children. NIR of 100% is a necessary condition for the policy goal of universal primary education.

Limitations

This indicator can be distorted by an incorrect distinction between new entrants and repeaters in the first grade. This can be the case especially for under-aged pupils who may repeat the first grade at the official entrance age.

Purpose

To precisely measure access to primary education by the eligible population of primary school entrance age.

Quality standards

Data on both new entrants and population used in deriving this indicator should refer strictly to the official school entrance age. NIR in principle should not exceed 100%.

Types of disaggregation

By sex.