Researchers by formal qualification


Professionals engaged in the conception or creation of new knowledge, products, processes, methods and systems, as well as in the management of these projects, broken down by their formal level of qualification (ISCED level 8, ISCED level 7, ISCED level 6, ISCED level 5, or all lower ISCED levels combined).

Data source

R&D surveys.

Source definition

Adapted from OECD (2002), Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, §301 and 312-318.