Higher education sector (for R&D data)


In the context of R&D statistics, the higher education sector includes:• All universities, colleges of technology and other institutions of post-secondary education, whatever their source of finance or legal status.• It also includes all research institutes, experimental stations and clinics operating under the direct control of or administered by or associated with higher education institutions.

Data source

R&D surveys.

Source definition

OECD (2002), Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, §206.


To break down R&D expenditure by sector of performance and source of funds. Also to break down R&D personnel by sector of employment.