Higher education intramural expenditure on R&D (HERD)

Definition

R&D expenditure in the higher education sector, where the higher education sector in the context of R&D statistics includes:• All universities, colleges of technology and other institutions of post-secondary education, whatever their source of finance or legal status.• It also includes all research institutes, experimental stations and clinics operating under the direct control of or administered by or associated with higher education institutions.

Data source

R&D surveys.

Source definition

Adapted from OECD (2002), Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, §206.