GERD by source of funds


Total domestic intramural expenditure on R&D during a given year, financed by different sectors of the economy (business enterprise, government, higher education, private non-profit organizations) or from abroad.

Source definition

Adapted from OECD (2002), Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, §423 and UIS Instruction Manual for completing the questionnaire on Research and Experimental Development (R&D) Statistics.