GERD by sector of performance


Total domestic intramural expenditure on R&D during a given year, broken down by the institutions corresponding to each sector (business enterprise, government, higher education and private non-profit organizations), independent of the source of funds.

Data source

R&D surveys.

Source definition

Adapted from OECD (2002), Frascati Manual: Proposed Standard Practice for Surveys on Research and Experimental Development, §423 and UIS Instruction Manual for completing the questionnaire on Research and Experimental Development (R&D) Statistics.